The Oral Cavity Cancer Staging2019-06-05
Oral cavity cancer staging is very important for oral cancer patients as it supports in the treatment process. Symptoms like mouth sores and bleeding will give the current condition of cancer and tells the doctors whether it has spread to other parts. Before any treatment of the oral cavity cancer, it’s important to understand the oral cavity cancer staging and know the extent of its effects.
The location affected by oral cavity cancer will determine the impact as this may make it spread with ease to other parts including the lymph nodes making it very difficult to manage. Treatment options prognosis which is key for any oral cancer patient is highly supported by cancer staging. Cancer is best identified through screening as it develops in stages. Below are the oral cavity cancer staging breakdown commonly used by doctors that will be of importance to cancer management.
As the name suggests, this is the preliminaries of cancer development. At this stage of oral cavity cancer, non-invasive cancer cells are discovered on the upper layers of the oral tissues.
From stage zero, cancer cells develop to stage one where it can now be confirmed with ease. Cancer cells develop into a tumor that can be as long as 2 cm.
This is the advanced cancer stage from what was experienced in stage two. The size of the tumor related to oral cavity cancer increase and mostly falls between 2cm to a higher end of 4cm.
The size of the tumour now goes beyond the 4cm experienced in stage two. At stage three, the spread of cancer has started and there are higher chances of an affected lymph node.
5.Stage four (A).
The cancer effects can now be easily identified as it has spread to affect most parts of the mouth. Structures such as the jawbone, tongues and face have been attacked at this stage.
6.Stage four (B).
At stage four (B) oral cavity cancer has developed to local disease and carotid artery is surrounded by the tumor. Cancer has massively spread to the lymph node and the size grown to more than 6 cm in terms of diameter.
7.Stage four (C).
The body is now fully affected and cancer has spread to other distant organs in the body. Some of the organs that can be affected during this stage include lungs, bones, liver and lymph nodes.